High frequency electro-optic measurement of strained silicon racetrack resonators


The observation of the electro-optic effect in strained silicon waveguides has been considered as a direct manifestation of an induced χ(2) non-linearity in the material. In this work, we perform high frequency measurements on strained silicon racetrack resonators. Strain is controlled by a mechanical deformation of the waveguide. It is shown that any optical modulation vanishes independently of the applied strain when the applied voltage varies much faster than the carrier effective lifetime, and that the DC modulation is alsolargely independent of the applied strain. This demonstrates that plasma carrier dispersion is responsible forthe observed electro-optic effect. After normalizing outfree carrier effects, our results set an upper limit of(8 ± 3) pm/V to the induced high-speed χ(2) tensor element at an applied stress of −0.5 GPa. This upper limit is about one order of magnitude lower than the previously reported values for static electro-optic measurements.